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10 Largest Lakes In Asia

Asia is the largest as well as the most populous continent in the world. It covers an area of 44, 579,000 km2 and is home to approximately 4.5 billion people. Due to its massive size, the Asian continent features diverse climatic conditions and several geophysical landmarks. The continent also comprises a large number of lakes that considerably vary in their origin, shape, and size. The 10 largest lakes in Asia are discussed in this article.


  1. Caspian Sea
  2. Lake Baikal
  3. Lake Balkhash
  4. Lake Taymir
  5. Issyk-Kul Lake
  6. Lake Urmia
  7. Qinghai Lake
  8. Lake Khanka
  9. Sarygamysh Lake
  10. Van Lake

1. Caspian Sea

Map of Central Asia with the Caspian Sea and surrounding countries.

The Caspian Sea is the largest lake in Asia as well as the largest inland water body in the world. Covering an area of 386,400 km2, the Caspian Sea is located to the east of the Caucasus Mountains, west of the Central Asian steppes, south of the Russian plains in Eastern Europe, and north of Western Asia’s Iranian Plateau. This endorheic basin is bordered by Kazakhstan in the north and east, the Russian Federation in the north and west, Azerbaijan in the southwest, Iran in the south and Turkmenistan along the southern part of the eastern coast.

The Caspian Sea is about 1,200km long and has an average width of about 320 km. It has a maximum depth of 1,025 m, while its estimated average depth is 211 m. The water in the Caspian Sea is called “Caspi-brackish” as it is neither completely freshwater nor completely saline water. The mean salinity of the Caspian Sea is about 1.2% which is one-third of the salinity of seawater. The Caspian Sea receives most of its water from the Volga, Ural, Kura, and Amu Darya rivers and has a water volume of approximately 78,200 km3.

Oil platforms in the Caspian Sea near Baku, Azerbaijan.

The Caspian Sea region is rich in biodiversity and hosts a variety of floral and faunal species. Some of the endemic species that are found here include the Caspian turtle, Caspian gull, Caspian tern, Caspian seal, Caspian white-fish, and Caspian salmon. Different sturgeon species including the beluga, bastard, sterlet, and starry are native to the Caspian Sea. Sturgeon is a source of caviar, which is one of the most important economic products of the Caspian Sea. The marginal areas of the Caspian Sea contain many petroleum reserves….

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